What systems are in the cardiovascular system?
The cardiovascular system is sometimes called the blood-vascular, or simply the circulatory system. It consists of the heart, which is a muscular pumping device, and a system of blood vessels called arteries, veins, and capillaries. It works to transport oxygen and other nutrients to all the organs and tissues in your body and it also works to remove carbon dioxide and other waste products.
What is cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease refers to a group of diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels. These diseases can affect one or many parts of heart and /or blood vessels. A person may be symptomatic (physically experience the disease) or be asymptomatic (not feel anything at all).
There are many different types of cardiovascular diseases including but not limited to:
- Arrhythmia: Abnormal heart rhythms or heart rates.
- Valve disease: Problem with the heart valves (structures that allow blood to flow from one chamber to another or blood vessel), such as valve tightening or leaking.
- Coronary artery disease: Problem with the blood vessels of the heart, such as blockages.
- Heart failure: Problem with heart pumping/relaxing functions, which can lead to fluid buildup and shortness of breath.
- Peripheral artery disease: Problem with the blood vessels of the arms, legs or stomach organs, such as blockages.
- Aortic disease: Problem with the large blood vessel that moves blood from the heart to the brain and rest of the body, such as an aneurysm.
- Congenital heart disease: Heart problem that a person is born with
- Pericardial disease: Problem with the lining of the heart, including pericarditis and pericardial effusion.
- Cerebrovascular disease: Problem with the blood vessels that bring blood to the brain.
- Deep vein thrombosis: Blockage in the veins, vessels that bring blood back from the brain and other parts of the body to the heart.
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Are heart attacks and strokes cardiovascular diseases?
Heart attacks and strokes are very serious complications of cardiovascular disease that occur when heart arteries and brain arteries have a sudden blockage, respectively.
How to prevent cardiovascular and heart disease
There are different ways to prevent or manage cardiovascular disease depending on the specific type of cardiovascular disease. Here are some steps that you can take to prevent heart and cardiovascular disease include:
- Control High blood pressure
- Control LDL cholesterol levels
- Limit Tobacco use
- Make healthy lifestyle choices to prevent or manage Diabetes
- Consult with your provider for appropriate treatments including beta blocker and statin therapy